Breast cancer is a common invasive and life-threatening subtype of epithelial tumors. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among women. Screening, creating symptoms awareness, and treatment of breast cancer is vital in enhancing survival rates. Visiting cancer treatment centers such as breast cancer Newport Beach enhances more straightforward diagnosis and care. The most common symptom known for breast cancer is the development of a lump in the breast. Other symptoms include;
- Sunken or inverted nipple
- Discharge from nipple
- Rash around the nipple
- Redness or pitting of skin of the breast
- Pain in the armpits and breasts
- Chain in the shape or size of the breast
- Scaling, peeling, or flaking of nipple and breast skin
Ways of staging breast cancer
Breast cancer can be categorized into different stages ranging from o-4. Breast cancer usually starts in the inner lining of milk ducts then it can spread to other parts of the body.
Stage 0: The stage is also known as ductal carcinoma. In this stage, the cancer cells are limited within the ducts, and the tissues have not been invaded.
Stage 1: The tumor at this stage measures up to 2 centimeters. The cancer cells haven’t affected lymph nodes.
Stage 2: At this stage, the tumor has spread across 2 centimeters to nearby nodes.
Stage 3: The cancer cells have spread to several lymph nodes, and the tumor is more significant than 5 cm.
Stage 4: At this stage, the cancer cells have spread to distant organs such as lungs, bones, and liver.
Risk Factors that promote Breast cancer
Age: The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. There are higher chances of developing breast cancer in the 50s than in the 20s.
History of breast cancer: Women with previous breast cancer problems have higher chances of developing the lump later on.
Genetics: Inheritable BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes facilitate higher chances of developing breast cancer.
Breast cancer can also affect men. Breastfeeding for over one year can reduce the chances of developing problems associated with breast cancer.