Marching outside the zone of small stones, carries or quarries

Areas of small stones (carries or quarries)

Marching outside the zone of small stones, carries or quarriesThese rocky areas differ from areas of large boulders or blocks of greater instability of the ground due to move “sets” of the stones that lining, which act much like sand or powder. In this sense, these places can be crossed without problems depending on the degree of slope, and taking into account safety considerations, technical gear and ecology.

In general, a carry on slopes should be avoided for environmental issues, are areas in itself highly degradable and difficult to recover precisely because of its instability, and if we add the impact of traffic in persons, environmental degradation will be even more pronounced .

Marching outdoors sloping land areas

Areas of steep terrain

Marching outdoors sloping land areasRegardless of the type of soil that covers it (rock, snow, soil, vegetation, etc.)., The steep terrain, sloping, steep to be transitive (raised or lowered, climbing or down climbing) given certain precautions:

Do not walk ahead of the slope . What forces you to walk in diagonal or zigzag, and forever (especially if it was not possible to go zigzag) must keep a safe distance, enough so that if someone falls, do not drag it to the rest group, and can be stopped or avoided and then rescued by his teammates. Raise or lower diagonal is also more relaxed, and causes less impact to the terrain and our joints.

Marching to the outdoor area oflarge stones and rocks

Areas of large rocks or stones (scree or blocks)

Marching to the outdoor area oflarge stones and rocksThe scree, crags and rocky ground, areas of loose rocks or stones more or less large (larger than a football about) can be ground fairly easy to navigate on foot, as long as they know how. Failure to understand and master the techniques of running in this type of soil, a fall can cause serious accidents, so always keep in mind:

Pay close attention to the safety distance between group members, which must be greater the higher probability of falling rocks or landslides, and (in turn and for the same reason) to steeper the slope, whether we as if we are going down. The reason: to give time to the partner who preceded us (down) or above us (up) to avoid falling rocks due to our departure. We must warn of falling rocks, especially on the downhills, when you see them before us may not come.

Areas-of-large-rocks

Areas of large rocks (blocks or scree)

Areas-of-large-rocksWhen there are large rocks, the product of hard minerals (granite, gneiss, etc.). The road is usually passable. But as always, we must take into account some issues to avoid mistakes that could lead to serious accidents if they fall:

  • You can go from rock to rock, provided management have some balance, and choose the larger rocks, as close as possible to each other and apparently more stable. If done well, is as close to normal walking in terms of continuity, and even go faster downhill when the inertia help.
frigal-areas

Avoid fragile areas

frigal-areasThough the Northeast’s forests are very productive and vegetation seems vigorous and plentiful, damage to plants due to backcountry recreation is a widespread and increasing problem. Select routes that avoid fragile terrain, critical wildlife habitat or any area where signs of your passage will invite others to follow. Campsites in pristine areas that are used for too many nights during a growing season-generally as little as five to ten days per year-or that receive heavy use over a short period of time are very susceptible to severe and long term vegetation damage. All alpine areas are considered fragile because of susceptibility to trampling, slow recovery from impact, and the large number of hikers that visit them. Stick to trails in the alpine zone. If you must leave the trail, walk on exposed rocks. Areas of wet soils are also considered fragile. On ground that is saturated either year round-marshy or boggy areas-or by heavy rains, restrict off-trail travel to exposed rocks, sandy soils, or find alternate routes. Broad-leafed plants and low-growing shrubs, common in alpine areas and the forest floor, are also fragile. Choose routes that avoid these vegetation types.

camping

Camp and Travel:In Popular Areas part 2

campingArrive at your destination with time and energy to set up a good camp. If your intended destination is full, you can use the extra daylight to move on and find another location for the night. If you’re in an area that receives a large amount of use, chances are good that you’ll find another established site nearby. Spend some time scouting around to find an appropriately located one. With care, further use of these sites will cause very little additional impact.

Choose a campsite that is somewhat elevated or that has a slight slope so water will not pool if it rains. This makes it unnecessary to trench around tents, which disturbs soils and gives the site an unnatural look. Never scrape away or “clean” sites of leaves and other organic litter-they help to cushion trampling forces, and reduce the erosive action of rainfall and water runoff.

camping

Camp and Travel:In Popular Areas

campingWhen in popular or high-use areas, concentrate your activity within established campsites and trails to prevent impact to the surrounding area. These areas have been “hardened”-have already lost their vegetation cover-and continued use causes little additional impact.

Stay on trails. Hiking outside of the established treadway tramples plants, contributes to erosion, and creates wide or multiple paths. In muddy or wet stretches, stay on exposed rocks or wooden planking where possible. Wearing gaiters over boots helps keep mud out, allowing you to walk through wet places when there are no planks. Do not shortcut, switchbacks-it saves little time and causes gully formation and erosion.