Healthy trees bring added value and exceptional appearance to any homeowner’s residence. Trees, however, can be tricky to maintain well. Often large, they can require substantial equipment, including tall ladders that make their care fall outside many people’s comfort. Additionally, while they thrive with appropriate care, they can become disfigured and even die from negligence or improper pruning or maintenance. Therefore, those with mature trees and individuals who wish to install new trees on their land would benefit from learning more about these fascinating plants. One way to begin is to learn to identify the different parts of a tree. In this way, you can communicate clearly with your arborist or landscaper when describing your tree’s condition and the services that it may need.
The tree’s healthy foundation begins with its substantial root system. It helps to know that the tree’s roots can spread underground to the same circumference as the tree’s upper canopy. Even though a tree can be large, its roots are delicate and can suffer damage from compressing and compacting the soil, as can happen when driving heavy trucks and equipment over the root zone repeatedly. Once you know this, you can ensure that heavy equipment does not pass over this area, which will help protect the tree. Roots also soak up water and nutrients, so it pays to cover the entire root zone when watering or fertilizing the tree to help maintain tree health.
The roots attach to the trunk. The trunk consists of several inner layers, with the outer bark layer protecting the tree. Inside the trunk are rings signifying different layers. They include the cambium, the thin green ring next to the bark, which generates new growth cells. For example, if you graft a tree, the rootstock and tree variety are connected at the cambium layer to ensure that they grow together successfully.
The canopy of your tree holds the branches, twigs and leaves. These areas may require routine attention from a trained Landscaper and Arborist Northern GA to trim back winter deadwood and help maintain the tree’s overall appearance. The leaves produce chlorophyll, the tree’s food, and cleanse the air of pollutants. Additionally, fruit trees, like apples and pears, bear on fruit spurs, cultivated on shortened pruned branches. These need trained eyes to prune them correctly to ensure a good fruit harvest.
By understanding the essential parts of a tree, a homeowner can converse specifically with the arborist to determine which services will best work to maintain various features of each tree on your property.